Healthy Gums and a Healthy Periodontal Apparatus
Periodontitis is a disease of the periodontal tissue (periodontium). Periodontitis is a result of the inflammation and shrinking of the periodontal tissue. This affects both gums as well as jawbones.
Periodontitis is, after tooth decay, the second most common dental diseases. About 80% of all people are suffering from this disease. It is the main cause for tooth loss. By now, it has become a scientifically proven fact that cardio-vascular diseases (atherosclerosis), heart attacks, strokes and premature births are all connected to periodontitis.
Beginning with an inflammation of the gums, the disease spreads and penetrates deep into the periodontium, which surrounds and supports the teeth. The gums can no longer be stopped from receding and bone loss progresses. Teeth become loose and painful Periodontitis is usually painless and progresses over several years. This disease is usually the result of insufficient oral hygiene.
The following symptoms help to diagnose periodontitis in its early stages:
- bleeding gums
- teeth are getting longer because gums are receding
- mouth odour occurs
- the front teeth shift and tilt
- there are gaps between teeth that weren’t there before
Periodontitis can be avoided through regular dental cleaning and treatment of the gums.